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2021雅思写作健康类话题解析一览!

沐訫 发表于2021-05-11

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五一假期过后,上海开始逐渐转热,像是个火炉一般炽热的灼烧着我们,而近期的雅思考生也是连连叫苦,明明只是一个小众化的考试,却频频登上微博热搜,其难度可想而知,近期话题度超高的健康话题又被雅思考官重新拉了出来,上一次考试更是直截了当的叙述了fast foot所造成的问题,那么我们应该如何去回答这一类话题呢?今天就让Nick带大家一起解答一下吧。

2021雅思写作健康类话题解析一览!图

一、健康类话题

健康类话题通常为:食物浪费,个人健康,社会焦虑,信仰和相关健康论文等等。


二、例题解析

Attention, fast food devotees.

If the start of a new year wasn’t enough to make you change your eating habits, the results of new research might be.


A long-term study has specifically linked consumption of fast food to obesity and type 2 diabetes.


本段经典词汇解析:


devotee  /ˌdevəˈtiː/

n. 爱好者;信徒

这个词很明显由 devote 加上名词后缀 -ee 组合而来。-ee 有两个意思,一是很常见的“被……的人;受……的人”,如 trainee “接受培训的人,培训学员”,employee “被雇佣的人,雇员”;第二个意思稍微少见一些,是“做……的人;……的人”,如 attendee “参会的人,与会者”,对应的当然也有 absentee “缺席的人,缺席者”。


在 devotee 中,显然是第二个意思,“供奉事物的人,信徒”,一般语境中理解为“爱好者,发烧友”。


这里作者用 fast food devotees 就很生动形象地表述了“喜欢吃快餐的人”这么一个概念,大家赶紧学起来!以后描述“……爱好者”除了可以说 lover,还可以说 devotee 哟!


consumption, 

consume,

consumer

以上三词比较熟悉,核心概念是“消费”,使用方法清奇。其实,除了“消费”,还可表达“使用;消耗”等相关概念。


原文中 consumption of fast food 就是“快餐消耗,吃快餐”的意思。


这里的用法也很妙,用 consumption 替代了 eating,属于经典的替换词。


三、健康类常用词汇

1. overweight

含义:超重。Fat

例句:70% of the population is now overweight according to official figures.


2. obesity

含义:肥胖。Extrememly fat or overweight.

例句:Obesity is now a real problem for teenagers.

Teenagers who are obese are often bullied at school.


3. eating disorder

含义:饮食紊乱。A mental illness in which people eat far too little or far too much food and are unhappy with their bodies.

例句:Bulimia and anorexia are types of eating disorder. Both are becoming more common.


4. nutrients/nutritious

含义:营养/有营养的。Any substance which plants or animals need in order to live and grow.

例句:A healthy diet should consist of all the essential nutrients.

This meal is very nutritious.


5. diet

含义:饮食。The food and drink usually eaten or drunk by a person or group. OR When someone eats less food, or only particular types of food, because they want to become thinner or for medical reasons.

例句:It is important to have a healthy diet. People must eat plenty of fruit and vegetables.

I’ve been on a diet now for four weeks, and I’ve lost about one kilo.


6. overeating

含义:过度饮食。Eating more than your body needs.

例句:There is evidence that overeating is one of the main causes of obesity..


7. ingredients

含义:原料。A food that is used with other foods in the preparation of a particular dish.

例句:The ingredients of the dish include nuts, raisins, and parsley.


8. allergy

含义:过敏。A condition that makes a person become ill or develop skin or breathing problems because they have eaten certain foods or been near certain substances.

例句:Allergies are becoming more common, and this could be connected to diet.

If I eat nuts, I have an allergic reaction. I cannot breathe properly.


9. additive

含义:添加剂。A substance which is added to food in order to improve its taste or appearance or to preserve it.

例句:This food is full of additives so I’m not going to eat it.


10. prevent/prevention

含义:阻止。To stop something from happening.

例句:Lots of exercise will prevent a heart attack.

The prevention of health problems should be encouraged by the government. For example, they could ban the advertising of fast food to children.


11. appetite

含义:口味。When you want to eat food.

例句:All that exercise has given me an appetite.


12. regular

含义:规律的,周期的。Happening or doing something often.

例句:Regular physical exercise is important for good health.


13. vitamins

含义:维生素。Any of a group of natural substances which are necessary in small amounts for the growth and good health of the body.

例句:Many people take vitamin supplements these days in order to keep their body healthy.


四、总结

随着近些年工业化和社会化的加深,社会群体焦虑性状况开始展现,越来越多的青年和中年人进入到亚健康和心里焦虑时代,健康话题也是屡见不鲜的考察方式,我们需要熟悉运用以上词汇,还可以通过阅读国外相关论文,记录相关高级词汇以及替换词,在运用的时候保证语法正确往往可以拿到高分。

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