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雅思阅读判断题Not Given的解析思路!

沐訫 发表于2021-05-19

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众人皆知雅思阅读考试套路深,尤其是在遇到判断题的时候,总会设下多个陷阱等我们去进行探索,很多套路都是一层接着一层,Nick在这一期将会结合网络上的一些思路和个人想法,为考鸭们带来一些关键性的考点,包括一些例题的分析思路,希望可以帮助到大家。

雅思阅读判断题Not Given的解析思路!图1

一、Not Given界定规则

1. if there is no information on this.

2. if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this.

这类答案指的就是出题人对原文内容无中生有的主观臆断。当然,这些主观臆断并不代表着他本身是一个错误地表达。


二、例子

12题通过审题,我们可以试着以hotels作为定位词回文寻找答案出处,没有相应内容也可以根据判断题有序性原则利用11和13题的内容来敲定出题范围


原文:

In addition, it appears that visitors to New Zealand don't want to be ‘one of the crowd' and find activities that involve only a few people more special and meaningful.

It could be argued that New Zealand is not a typical destination. New Zealand is a small country with a visitor economy composed mainly of small businesses. It is generally perceived as a safe English-speaking country with a reliable transport infrastructure.


我们从11题和13题区间位置来看,似乎没有任何和定位词hotels相关的内容,也就无所谓游客对大小旅馆的偏好,所以这类题属于典型的完全未提及式Not Given.。


例题2

Fewer bilingual people than monolingual people suffer from brain disease in old age.


我们可以选择brain disease作为定位词,分析可得关键点在双语者和单语者两类人数比较,可找到相应出题点。


原文:

In a study of over 200 patients with Alzheimer's disease, a degenerative brain disease, bilingual patients reported showing initial symptoms of the disease an average of five years later than monolingual patients. In a follow-up study, researchers compared the brains of bilingual and monolingual patients matched on the severity of Alzheimer's symptoms. Surprisingly, the bilinguals' brains had more physical signs of disease than their monolingual counterparts, even though their outward behaviour and abilities were the same. If the brain is an engine, bilingualism may help it to go farther on the same amount of fuel.


此类题干重点在于需要根据比较关系来确定定位词,就两类人出现脑部疾病症状的时间早晚,以及得脑部疾病后出现的疾病生理迹象的多少进行了比较,而非题目中提及的人数多少的比较,因此这个比较关系在原文并不存在,可以确定答案为Not Given. 


三、总结

阅读题中判断题的对错与否非常关键,很多信息都隐藏在文章里面,只需要根据题目挖掘到题干,通过定位词确定关键信息即可。

雅思阅读判断题Not Given的解析思路!图2

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