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雅思写作rest和remaining的替换词关系一览!

沐訫 发表于2021-05-20

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雅思写作考试当中,我们时长会遇到一些替换词的运用关系上,很多时候合理去运用替换词可以跟其他的考生们进行区别化,让自己的文章更加具有独立性,部分词意表达更加专一的词汇通常也可能用来替换,那么在雅思写作替换rest和remaining可以替换other吗?今天就让Nick带大家一起去了解一下吧。

雅思写作rest和remaining的替换词关系一览!图1

一、Task1案例分析

Cambridge IELTS 11 Test 3 The graph below shows average carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per person in the United Kingdom, Sweden, Italy and Portugal

雅思写作rest和remaining的替换词关系一览!图3

看到图中UK对应的线,它比其他国家的对应的线高。所以,你可能写道:

Average carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per person in the UK were higher than those in the other three countries.


请问,句中other是否可以改成rest, 或者改成remaining?


不能!

下文是rest和remaining语义解释。


1. rest


rest的英语解释:

The part that is left over after something has been removed

也就是说,如果使用rest, 那么不属于rest的部分,已经被去除(removed)了。


为了方便理解,我们来看3个正确的例句:


Rain is expected to continue for the rest of the week, according to forecasters.

the rest of the week暗示这一周已经过了几天了,是本周剩下的几天

Teams still can make trades for the rest of the season, but it gets more tricky.

the rest of the season暗示这个赛季已经过了一段时间了,是赛季剩下的时间

Two-thirds of that is in lost wages and productivity.  The rest is for treatment.

the rest指的是除掉被安排的2/3剩下的1/3


2. remaining


remaining的英语解释:

To be left after the removal, loss, passage, or destruction of others


也就是说,如果使用remaining, 那么不属于remaining的部分,已经被去掉(removal)、遗失(loss)、破坏了(destruction),或者已经流逝(passage)了。


为了方便理解,我们来看3个正确的例句:


Chase has resolved 13 of cases and is working on the remaining one, Lemkau said.

the remaining one指的是已经处理掉的13 cases之外,剩下的那1个

He defiantly insisted he would serve out the remaining seven months of his term.

the remaining seven months指的是他任期已经流逝的那段时间之外,剩余的7个月

The remaining 49,000 U.S. troops are supposed to depart by the end of next year.

The remaining 49,000 U.S. troops暗示除了已经撤离的troops,还没有撤离的49,000 U.S. troops


回到原句:

Average carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per person in the UK were higher than those in the other three countries.

UK并没有被除掉、遗失或者破坏,所以此处other不能被rest/remaining替换。

between 1967 and 2007.


二、总结

我们在雅思小作文中是可以用rest/remaining,但是需要去注意语言环境,尤其是在替换的时候,切忌出现无脑替换,不同的大体词意虽然相同,但是在针对性和时态上都可能不恰当,我们需要仔细斟酌在去进行替换。

雅思写作rest和remaining的替换词关系一览!图2

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