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雅思听力中的逻辑信号词分享!

沐訫 发表于2021-05-20

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雅思听力中,很多考生们初次考试会遇到语速过快,当在长难句的时候,超过20个字符以上的句子,会让很多考生们听起来绕来绕去,抓不住重心,实则在雅思听力考试中,sperker通常在阐述个人观点的时候,会突出话语里面的重点,这些也就是我们常常说到的“逻辑信号词“,那么我们应该如何在漫长的公路上精准的找到我们的指示牌呢?就让Nick带你一起去了解一下吧。

雅思听力中的逻辑信号词分享!图1

一、逻辑信号词分类

1、并列信号词

我们可以通过并列连词推断出空格处的答案,这类信号词有:


and, also, or, as well as, too

in addition

both…and…, either…or… apart from


2、转折信号词

转折处经常是考点所在,有时转折词后面也会出现干扰信息,大家要加以区分。这类信号词通常包含:


but, however, nevertheless, unfortunately

whereas, while, on the contrary, 

on the other hand, 

in comparison, by contrast…

in contrast…

One thing though, is…

rather than, instead of, apart from 而不是(后为干扰信息)  

unlike, dislike 不像(后为干扰信息) 


3、因果信号词

(1)原因出现的地方通常有以下信号词:


Because, because of, thanks to, 

due to, owing to, for, 

for this reason, since

the main reason is that…

is caused by…

the reason why

the cause of…

be caused by…

owing to

on account of


(2)结果出现的地方通常有以下信号词:


so, thus, as a result (of), which means that,

what I mean

Consequently… , As a result…

Therefore…, bring about… , In the end…

As a consequence, … Ultimately, …

Thus lead to…

so that…


4、顺序信号词

这类词多用于填空和流程图,表示先后顺序的词有:


first, firstly, first of all, 

the first thing, initially; 

second, secondly, thirdly

then, next, after that

finally, lastly, end with, close…


5、让步信号词

通常,句子的让步状语为干扰信息,而主句是我们需要关注的重点信息。引导让步状语的词有:


In spite of, Although… 

Unlike… Despite…

Having said that (though)…


6、个人观点信号词

说话人的观点和态度也是考察的重点,听到比较明显的陈述个人观点的词时,我们要格外注意。


I (personally) think/believe 

I suppose/expect…

I hope…

I decide…

What’s important...

More importantly, obviously

certainly

Clearly

undoubtedly

actually

in fact /as a matter of fact

I’d like to emphasize/highlight… 

I need to tell you that…

What struck me was…


7、解释信号词

有时,说话人会通过解释说明而突出一些重点信息,常见的信号词如下:


This is to say…

That is…

In particular… Namely… 

Particularly… Especially 

Actually/In fact… refer to

In other words, I mean… 

Meaning that… Which means… 

It/That means…

Another way of saying it…


8、归纳总结信号词

说话人通常会使用下面这些词进行归纳总结:


In conclusion, To conclude 

In summary, To sum up

To recapitulate

In short

All in all; So; Overall

Generally speaking

Research suggests that

Studies indicate/have shown that…

Research concluded that… findings

It was revealed that…


9、建议和要求信号词

老师对学生的建议和要求也常引出重点信息,听到下面这些信号词时也要格外注意:


I want you to…

I would advise you to…

I recommend you to…

I suggest that you should… 

My recommendation is… 

My advice is…

My suggestion is…

If I were you, I would…

It is actually advised that… 

It is suggested that… Never

You should never… 

Don’t…/Do not… 

Remember (that)… I expect you to… Do…

Don’t forget… You should…

You must/ought to… You’d better…

You have to…

You will need to…


二、案例

1、题目:

What is Brian going to do before the course starts?


A. attend a class

B. write a report

C. read a book


2、原文

A: Is there anything I should do before the course, like reading or anything?


B: We prefer to integrate reading with the course, so we don’t give out a reading list in advance. (C选项)But we like people to write a case study, describing an organisation they know.


A: I’ve already done that, as my friends told me you wanted one.(B选项) But would it be possible to sit in on a teaching session, to see what it’s like? I haven’t been a student for quite a while. (A选项)


B: Fine. Just let me know which date, and I’ll arrange it with the tutor.


3、相关解析

本题通过beforethecourse进行定位。起初,说话人在C选项中提到了reading,但这是一个立即被否定的干扰项。之后出现了but引出的另外一个干扰选项Bwriteacasestudy(report),但是很快也被否定了,因为提问者已经写过了。最后,另一个转换信号词but引出sitinonateachingsession,确定正确答案为A。


三、总结

雅思听力相对中国考生们而言不算太难,不过也需要小心应对,在熟练雅思听力的节奏感后,精准的把握听力里面的信号词,根据信号词来找题目答案,只有这样才可以最大限度的让自己拥有充分的时间做其他的事情。

雅思听力中的逻辑信号词分享!图2

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