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1、 What subjects are you studying?
例如：I'm currently studying civil engineering.(错误示范)
Basically what we do is examining the geological conditions, and constructing facilities like railways, buildings, tunnels and bridges. (正确示范)
2、Why did you choose to study that project?
该问题还是对于专业的选择上进行询问，我们可以编造想法，比如为什么喜欢，比较好就业，父母的选择等等，但是千万不能简单的一句，I like it。
例：Back in the days when I was in high school, I witnessed the construction of underground railway system in Wuhan. The construction process was long and brought to me great inconvenience, which made me wonder if there is anything can be done to facilitate it. That's when I developed an interest in Civil Engineering, and decided to become an engineer.
3、What kind of accommodation do you live in?
Currently I live in the dormitory with 7 other roommates, you can't imagine what a mess it is like. Anyways, the dormitory is located at the northeast corner of the campus. It is a 7-storey building, and our room is on the 5th floor. The only furnitures in the room are just 4 bunk beds and 8 desks, it doesn't even have a private bathroom, we have to all the way down hall to take a leak in the public bathroom.
change our career 改变我们的职业生涯
The thought that we should, if we're honest with ourselves, probably try to change our career is one of the most anxiety inducing of all realizations.事实上，如果我们对自己诚实，我们都曾想过改变我们的职业生涯那也是最令人焦虑的事情之一。
a big drop in salary 调降薪资
be beginning again close to zero 再度归零
We're going to have to face for possibly a very long time a big drop in salary, we might have to move back home, it will be hard to sound impressive at parties about what we're doing, and we'll be beginning again close to zero.我们可能得面对很长时间调降薪资可能得搬家，而且这在聚会中不会成为什么威风的话题此外我们还得面对人生因此再度归零。
be potent/ˈpəʊtnt/ = having a strong effect on your body or mind 有强效的；有力的；烈性的；影响身心的
Tellingly, the agony about this can be most potent when we're young.引人关注的是，当我们还年轻的时候这个痛苦可能是最有效的。
gain the right qualifications 获得专业资格
Imagine someone who's 20; they've been planning a career in chemical engineering and they're well on the way to gaining the right qualifications.想象一下，当一个20岁的人;他已经计划未来从事化学工程的职业他也表现良好，以获得专业资格。
select particular subjects 选择特定科目
take the right courses 进修正确的课程
do some relevant work experience 得到一些相关工作经验
They selected particular subjects at school, took the right courses at university, and did some relevant work experience.他们在学校选择了特定科目，在大学进修相关的课程并拥有一些相关的工作经验。
make what feels like an enormous investment 做了感觉像是一个巨大投资的事
They've already made what feels like an enormous investment.
marine biology 海洋生物学
But now, they start to think very seriously of switching course, perhaps towards marine biology or anthropology.但现在，他们开始认真思考关于转换跑道，或许是海洋生物学或人类学。
unforeseen years of studying 未知的时间去学习
It might mean another two unforeseen years of studying.
feels like a very long time indeed 感觉就像花了很长的一段时间
At 20, two years feels like a very long time indeed: 10% of the whole of one's life so far.在20岁的时候，花两年时间学习感觉就像花了很长的一段时间是整个人生中的10％。
And, psychologically, it's even bigger than that.而且，在感觉上，它比实际上更长。
be in a kind of daze 处于一种迷惘状态
At 20, you've maybe only felt you were you since you were about 16; before that, you were in a kind of daze of childhood and adolescence, and didn't have any real idea of what your life might be about.20岁，或许直到16岁之后，你才开始感觉你是你;在此之前，你则处于一种迷惘的童年和青春期心中对于人生还并未产生任何真正的想法。心中对于人生还并未产生任何真正的想法。
a vast commitment 巨大的承诺
So two years feels like half of your existence.It's a vast commitment.所以"两年"，彷佛就像花掉你生命的一半。像是一个巨大的承诺。
be hard to grasp 难以掌握
What's so hard to grasp, and yet essential, is how things will look in the future.然而未来到底是什么模样，它是如此难以掌握但却至关重要。
be at the climax /ˈklaɪmæks/of 处于…的顶峰
Age, say, 56. From there, two years will have a very different meaning. It'll only be one 20th or 5% of the forty years between being 16 and being at the climax of middle age.假设当我们56岁时两年的时间，就有非常不同的意义了。两年的时间，其实只是占16岁到56岁这一段精华时光的5%时间两年的时间，其实只是占16岁到56岁这一段精华时光的5%时间
against the backdrop of a whole working life 在整个工作生活的背景下
Over time, the length of further study grows relatively small against the backdrop of a whole working life while the consequences of not having undertaken it grow ever larger.随着时间的(推移)演进，在整个工作生活的背景下，进一步学习所需的时间相对较小，但承担不起的后果则越来越大。
turn away from retraining 对于再次学习敬而远之
We call his paradox the "job investment trap," and it explains why many people, especially young people, mistakenly turn away from retraining.我们把这种悖论称作“工作的投资陷阱”它解释了为什么很多人，尤其是年轻人，错误的对于再次学习敬而远之。
draw up timelines 制定时间表
The present looms too large and the long long future, which will in fact constitute by far the greater part of our lives doesn't carry the weight it really should.To counter this tendency, we should draw up timelines to force ourselves to see that the period from 16 to 24 is truly quite short in comparison with what lies between 24 and 65.眼前的压力越来越沉重，而在长远的未来，实际上构成我们生活中很大一部分的事，在此刻却无法显示它的重量。而在长远的未来，实际上构成我们生活中很大一部分的事，在此刻却无法显示它的重量。所以为了应对这个状况，我们应该制定时间表，以强迫自己检视整个生命周期16到24岁 与 24到65岁相比真的只是短暂的时光而已。
weight up investments 加重投资
in the light of 根据，按照
We need to weight up investments now, not against our most recent experiences, but in the light of a more accurate picture of an entire life. 我们现在需要加重投资，而不是拘泥于现阶段的经验，我们应该放眼在整个生命的蓝图。
dare to switch track 勇敢的切换轨道
We need to believe in something that is so hard to really trust in: the reality of our own future decades of life. And then, we need to dare to switch track.我们需要相信那难以相信的事：将会出现在我们人生未到来的时光里。最后，我们需要勇敢的切换轨道。