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雅思写作Task2环境类话题素材分享!

沐訫 发表于2021-06-16

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当今世界形势之下,第一批资本主义国家在利用技术收割全球低价劳动力,利用高维技术进行降维打击,在工业发展时代造成了大量的环境污染,环境问题已经成为了当下世界最大的问题,世卫组织不定期就会冒头指责一番,同样此类话题在雅思大作文中也屡见不鲜,本期Nick则会为大家分享一些环境类相关物料!

雅思写作Task2环境类话题素材分享!图1

一、雅思大作文环境类话题素材累计

1.     To use a common example of this practice, laboratory mice may be given an illness so that the effectiveness of a new drug can be measured.

释义:举一个此惯例的例子,实验室老鼠可能被注射疾病以至于新药的有效性可以被测量。


2.       Opponents of such research argue that humans have no right to subject animals to this kind of trauma, and that the lives of all creatures should be respected.

释义:这种实验的反对者认为人类没有权利使动物遭受这种创伤,所有生物的生命都应该被尊重。


3.       They believe that the benefits to humans do not justify the suffering caused, and that scientists should use alternative methods of research.

释义:他们认为对人类的好处并不能够使导致的折磨有道理(合理化),科学家应该使用动物实验的替换方法。


4.       They argue that opponents of such research might feel differently if a member of their own families needed a medical treatment that had been developed through the use of animal experimentation.

释义:他们认为当有家庭成员需要动物实验开发出来的医疗治疗时,这种实验的反对者可能会感到不同。

这句话是在反驳那些认为动物实验要被禁止的人,强调这些人是圣母心。


5.       Personally, I agree with the banning of animal testing for non-medical products, but I feel that it may be a necessary evil where new drugs and medical procedures are concerned.

释义:对我来说,我同意动物实验对于非医药产品的禁止,但是对于药物和治疗被关注的领域,动物实验时有必要的恶魔。

这句是中立立场句型,当然在这个话题中,此观点不算中立,算是新的看法。但是可以作为一个很好的中立观点句积累。


6.       Governments could introduce laws to limit the carbon dioxide emissions that lead to global warming, and they could invest in renewable energy production from solar, wind or water power.

释义:政府能颁布法律来限制导致全球变暖的二氧化碳排放,他们可以投资新能源(可再生)的生产,从太阳,水,风能。


7.       As individuals, we should also try to limit our contribution to climate change, by becoming more energy efficient, by flying less, and by using bicycles and public transport.

释义:作为个体,我们应该也要试着去降低我们对气候变化的“贡献”,通过变得能源高效,少飞行,通过使用自行车和公众交通。

从政府/个人两个角度来谈解决方案,达到结构层次清晰。


8.       The potential for human suffering would be huge, and it is likely that we would see outbreaks of disease and famine, as well as increased homelessness and poverty.

释义:人类的潜在遭受是巨大的,很可能我们会经历疾病和饥荒的爆发,也包括增加的无家可归的人和贫穷。


9.       Millions of people would be displaced by flooding, particularly in countries that do not have the means to safeguard low-lying areas.

释义:成千上万的人们会因为洪水被重新安置,特别是在没有办法包围低洼地区的国家。

交代严重性后果,环境破坏的严重性后果。


10.    Although I accept that new legislation to force people to recycle could help this situation, I do not agree that a recycling law is the only measure that governments should take.

释义:及时我同意新的立法去强迫人们分类回收可以帮助解决问题,但我不同意这是唯一的政府该采取的措施。

不完全同意的立场句型,这里是only唯一题型,认可有效性,否定唯一性即可。


11.    Governments could make it a legal obligation for householders to separate all waste into different bins.

释义:政府能让分类称为业主的法律义务,将垃圾分类到不同的垃圾桶里。


12.    There could be punishments for people who fail to adhere to this law, ranging from a small fine to community service, or even perhaps prison sentences for repeat offenders.

释义:对于未能遵守法律的人可以有惩罚,从小罚单,到社区服务,对于屡教不改的人直接送入监狱。


13.    These measures would act as a deterrent and encourage people to obey the recycling law.

释义:这些措施可能作为震慑,鼓励人们遵守分类回收的法律。


14.    It might be more effective if politicians put education, rather than punishment, at the centre of a recycling campaign.

释义:如果政客使用教育,而不是惩罚,在在分类活动的中心,可能更加有效。

Rather than 而不是


15.    Another tactic that governments could use would be to create stricter regulations for the companies that produce the packaging for household products.

释义:另一个策略是政府可以给那些生产家庭包装的公司处以严格的规章制度。


16.    Finally, money could also be spent to improve recycling facilities and systems, so that waste is processed more effectively, regardless of whether or not people separate it correctly in the home.

释义:最后,钱可以花到更新回收分类的设备和系统,以至于垃圾可以加工得更加有效,不管人们在家是否正确分类。


二、雅思环境类短语词汇分享

Practice 惯例

Laboratory mice 小白鼠

Measure 搭配 effectiveness

Opponents 反对者(critics)

Subjest sb. To 使…遭受

Trauma 创伤

Justify 使…合理化

Alternative 高频词,作名词,表示替代物(可数);作形容词,表示替代的,这是做形容词。

Introduce law = establish law 不要写 make law谢谢

Carbon dioxide emissions 二氧化碳排放

Invest in 投资

Renewable energy = sustainable …/ inexhaustible …. 可再生能源

It is likely that… 很可能会发生 …

Famine 饥荒

Legislation立法

Legal obligation 法律义务

Fail to do 未能做…

Adhere to = obey= comply with遵守

Range from … to … 从…到


三、总结

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雅思写作Task2环境类话题素材分享!图2

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