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雅思大作文常见结构分析!

沐訫 发表于2021-04-29

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雅思写作作为让无数考鸭头疼无比的考试项目,拥有“小作文”和“大作文”,不仅仅需要我们掌握极高的词汇基础量,还需要拥有逻辑清晰的框架结构,在常规框架的运用下,我们应该如何深化自身内容呢?那么今天Nick则是带大家一起去了解一下目前在雅思大作文红常见的一些结构吧!

雅思大作文常见结构分析!图一

一、雅思大作文结构分析

三大类型:argument,discussion和report,结构一般分为:introduction,body和conclusion。


1、Argument类essay结构

“To what extent do you agree or disagree / what’s your opinion?”这类便是argument类雅思作文。

Introduction:表述自己同意或者不同意,A和D只能选一个,不能中立。

Body:从不同角度论证自己的观点(三个论据尤佳),每个论据成段,段与段之间的主要思想不能重复。

Conclusion:总结自己的观点,此段中切勿出现新的论据。


2、Discussion类essay结构

“Do you think it is a positive or negative development / Discuss both views and give your opinions.”这类便是discussion类雅思作文。


在遇到讨论利弊的时候,尽可能从两边思路进行阐述,而不是单方面进行输出,同时需要注意在语段里面避开:“advantage”单词和 “disadvantage”单词,显得词汇量单薄。可用merit, benefit, value, strength等代替advantage,用downside, weakness等代替disadvantage。


3、Report类essay结构

“what are the reasons and provide solutions”这类便是report类雅思作文。从1) Why;2) Result;3) Solution三个方面来写文章。

雅思写作的万能演练方法

从两大方面来进行侧重点练习:

1 、积累观点(即文章的内容或分论点);

2 、纠正语法,积累常用词汇(这点对最后的得分最重要)


4、范文借鉴

Schools should teach children some academic subjects which will be beneficial to their future careers. Therefore, other subjects such as music and sports are not important. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

In order to improve the quality of education, high school students should be encouraged to evaluate and criticize their teachers, but others think it will result in loss of respect and discipline in classroom. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.

Children who grow up in families which are short of money are better prepared to deal with the problems of adult life than children who are brought up by wealthy parents. To what extent do you agree or disagree?


科技影响类

Many people think that public libraries should only provide books to readers and shouldn’t waste their limited funds on expensive high-tech media, such as computer software, DVD or videos. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

In recent years, working at home for one’s employers has become a growing trend in many countries and is expected to be common for most office workers in the coming decades. Discuss the reasons why it is popular and state your opinion about the social phenomenon.


总结:

雅思写作和中文写作其实是殊途同归的,只不过西方思路在表达时候更加直接,如果只需要掌握足够的词汇和语法,在不出现大规模失误的情况下即可拿到雅思高分。

雅思大作文常见结构分析!图二

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